9. Government grants
In 2014, the group received government grants amounting to €4.7 million, in relation to the research and development activities performed by the group (2013: €6.4 million).
Government grants are recognised at their fair value when there is a reasonable assurance that the group will comply with the conditions attached to them, and that the grants will be received. Government grants that are receivable as compensation for expenses or losses already incurred, or for the purpose of giving immediate financial support to the group with no future related costs, are recognised as a deduction of the related expense in the period in which they become receivable.