15. Business combinations

2014

In 2014, the group made several acquisitions for an aggregate consideration of €22.0 million. This consideration includes cash considerations as well as an estimate of contingent consideration, which has been determined based on certain financial and non-financial key performance indicators.

The main acquisitions were the acquisitions of DAMS Tracking in France on 1 June 2014 and Fleetlogic in the Netherlands on 1 December 2014. Both companies are fleet management service providers which in aggregate added approximately 54,000 subscribers to our Telematics subscribers' base.

The Fleetlogic acquisition was effectuated through the acquisition of 100% equity interest of the companies: Fleetlogic BV and Inalise BV, while DAMS Tracking was acquired through a sale and asset purchase agreement.

The main assets and liabilities that arose from all acquisitions combined were intangible assets of €24.5 million and deferred tax liabilities of €3.7 million. None of the acquisitions resulted in goodwill. The fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired have been determined using discounted cash flow technique, which includes inputs that are not based on observable market data (level 3 input).

The acquired businesses contributed a revenue of €3.2 million and a net loss of €0.8 million in 2014. Excluding the impact of the acquisition-related amortisation from the purchase price allocations, the contributed result in 2014 was a net profit of €0.1 million. If the group had acquired all companies from 1 January 2014, the group revenue and net result for 2014 would have been €961 million and €20 million respectively.

As none of the transactions are material individually, they are not disclosed separately in accordance with IFRS 3.

2013

In 2013, the group acquired a 100% equity interest in Coordina (Gestion Electronica Logistica, S.L.) and 51% in mapIT for an aggregated consideration of €15.1 million. This consideration includes a cash consideration as well as an estimated contingent consideration, which has been determined based on certain financial and non-financial key performance indicators.

mapIT is a South Africa-based associate company, in which the group previously held a 49% interest. With this acquisition, which was effective from 1 June 2013, the group gained full control over mapIT. The previously held 49% interest has been remeasured to its fair value, resulting in a gain of €2.5 million, which is included under the line 'Result of associates' in the income statement.

Coordina, which was acquired on 31 July 2013, is the largest fleet management service provider in Spain and has a broad local sales network and a well-established local service hub. This acquisition will enable us to deliver the group’s innovative and easy-to-use products in combination with the group's TomTom WEBFLEET SaaS services to more Spanish fleets faster.

The main assets and liabilities that arose from both acquisitions combined were intangible assets of €18.3 million, deferred tax assets of €0.7 million and deferred tax liabilities of €5.3 million. Neither acquisition resulted in goodwill.

The acquired businesses contributed a revenue of €3.8 million and a net loss of €0.7 million in 2013. Excluding the impact of the acquisition-related amortisation from the purchase price allocations, the contributed result in 2013 was a net profit €0.4 million. If the group had acquired both companies from 1 January 2013, the group revenue and net result for 2013 would have been €968 million and €21 million respectively.

As neither transaction is material individually, they are not disclosed separately in accordance with IFRS 3.

Accounting policy

The group applies the acquisition method to account for business combinations. The consideration transferred for the acquisition of a subsidiary is the fair value of the assets transferred, the liabilities incurred to the former owners of the acquiree and the equity interests issued by the group. The consideration transferred includes the fair value of any asset or liability resulting from a contingent consideration arrangement. Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.

Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. The group recognises any non-controlling interest in the acquiree on an acquisition-by-acquisition basis, either at fair value or at the non-controlling interest's proportionate share of the recognised amounts of acquiree's identifiable net assets.

Acquisition of additional interest in associates, which results in the group gaining control over the associate, is accounted for as a business combination. The previously held interest in the associate is considered as part of the consideration and hence is remeasured to its fair value. The gain or loss from this remeasurement is included in the 'Result of associates' in the income statement. The associate is accounted for as a subsidiary and included in the consolidated financial statements from the date the control passes to the group.